Tall Trees

Tallest broadleaf trees of the Netherlands: Beeches up to 46 m (150 feet) tall in Middachten Alley.

 
Tall trees in the Netherlands and Europe.

The Netherlands is not known for its tall trees. But, compared with the neighbouring countrees, among native broadleaf trees there are good competitors.

The tallest trees in the Netherlands are a group of Douglas Firs (Pseudotsuga menziesii)  at the estate of Het Loo. Tallest measured among them is 49.75 m (163.2 feet), measured by Leo Goudzwaard and me in april 2010 using two Nikon Forestry laser rangers. Several other trees in this groove are 45 - 49.3 m high. 

Tallest trees in North Western Europe are Grand Firs (Abies grandis) and Douglas Firs in Great Britain: in Wales and Scotland they have been measured by climbing and direct tape drop up to 64.28 m (210,89 feet) and resp. 63.79 m (209 feet). Also in Scotland the tallest  Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)  59 m (193.5 feet). They are all non-native species, originating from the USA  Westcoast, wich is incomparable for its huge tall conifers, wich grow also very good in the mild and wet climate of Great Britain and Ireland. 

Tallest known broadleaftrees of Holland were till november 2005 several European Beeches (Fagus sylvatica) in the drive to the Castle of Middachten, Ellecom near Arnhem, planted in 1783, wich reached a height of over 44 m (144.36 feet). The tallest among them was measured as 46 m (151 ft) and even 48.5 m (159.12 ft). They were measured in december 2004 by Leo Goudzwaard, forest ecologist of Wageningen University, using a Digital Hypsometer Forestor Vertex.  See his website. Alas they were cut because of danger in november 2005. Now in the same area there are still a few beeches of up to 43 m (141.076 feet).

To my knowledge in Europe there are few Beeches surpassing this height. Reports of Beeches up to 51 m (167.32 ft) in Rumenia and former Yugoslavia still have to be confirmed for their reliability. 
In Germany and France there are measurements of Beeches 49 m (160.76 ft) tall (measurement with climbing and direct tape drop). 
With laser we could only confirm up tot 44.2 m (145 ft) till now. 
In Belgium in the Sonian Forest near Brussels Beeches we have recently measured the hight of Beeche with climbing and tapedrop as well as with laser up to 45,65 m (149.77 ft)


Tallest native tree of Europe seems to be the Caucasian Fir (Abies nordmanniana), wich grows in the Caucasus as well in Turkey. Alan Mitchell (1996) gives 68.6 m (225 feet) as its greatest height (without source). 
Vladimir Dinets (e-mail 1998) gives a maximum height of 78 m (255.9 feet) near Mzymta River in the Caucasian National Reserve, Russia. 
See Gymnosperm Database: http://www.conifers.org/pi/ab/nordmanniana.htm . In a recent mail with Michael Spraggon he wrote he only measured this by measuring the lenght of shadows, so we have to wait for better measurements. Other reports of Caucasian firs of 85 m also are without source and information about the measurement method. 

Tallest trees
in the whole of Europe seem to be nowadays the introduced Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) (up to 72 m / 236.2 ft, Dean Nicolle) in Portugal and Blue Gum (Eucalyptus globulus) (up to 68 m (223 ft, Dean Nicolle) in Spain. These extreme fast growing trees, originating in Australia, can reach such heights within a century. 

Tallest native trees in Northwestern and Central Europe are Norway Spruce (Picea abies) and White Fir (Abies alba).  Both reach at least 55 m (180.4 feet) in forests in several countries in Central Europe. Some extreme tall specimens have been reported of both species from Bosnia and Bulgaria of between 60 and 65 meter (197 - 213 ft), but these heights have not been proven with laser or climbing. 
In 2012 a Norway spruce in Slovenia was measured by climbing with tapedrop of 62.26 m (204 ft, Michael Spraggon c.s.).  In forests in Montenegro and Bosnia we measured this species of 59.0 and 57.4 m.  White fir we found only up to 54.0 m.  

Tallest measured native broadleaf trees in Europe are Sessile Oak (Quercus petraea) in France with laser measured 48.4 m (159 ft) in the ForÍt de Bercť in France and Common Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) with 48.0 m  (157.48 ft)  in a rich forest along the river Danube near Kelheim, Southern Germany (Kouta Ršsšnen 2011). 
In the Bialowieza Primeaval Forest in Poland Ash has been found up to 44.4 m tall (146 ft, Tomasz Niechoda, laser). 

Other tall broadleafs are Limes and Elms as well as the hybrid Poplars and Planes
All are able to reach over 40 m, maxima have been measured of between 40 en 46 m ( 131 to 151 feet).

London Plane
has recently been measured in England by climbing with tapedrop as 48.56 m (159.3 ft); taller figures given as of a Plane tree in France of 53 m are false. Perhaps hybrid Poplars reach heights up to 50 m, but no reliable measurements are given till now.  

Common
Oaks (Quercus robur) in Holland reach 35 - 36 m or rarely 37 -  41 m, in surrounding countries 40 - 43.6 m (131 - 143 ft). 

The tallest trees of the Netherlands and Europe, including the UK.

Reliable laser and tapedrop measurements are
in blue. Former trees now dead are in red. 

 
Former trees now dead are in red. 

Measurers: DA - David Alderman; LG - Leo Goudzwaard; MM - Marc Meier;  TN - Tomasz Niechoda; JPh - Jeroen Philippona; KR - Kouta Ršsšnen; JS - Jeroen Snaaijer; 

English name Scientific name Tallest known in the  Netherlands Tallest known in Europe Tallest in  the world
1. Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii 49.75 m Palace The Loo, Apeldoorn (climbing with direct tape drop, 10-09-2011)
49.3 m Het Loo, (JH 2011)
48.0 m Het Loo, (LG 2011)
At Het Loo several trees of 45 - 47 m
44 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009)
63.79 m Scotland  
(Tree Register 2009, climbing & direct tape drop)
63.79 m Wales (Tree Register 2009, climbing & direct tape drop, felled in 2011)
63.33 m Germany (laser)
61.3 m Dunster, England (JPh 2011)

60.6 m Wales (Tree Register climbing with direct tapedrop 2011)

99.76 m Washington State, USA
Around 1900:
126.5 m, USA
2. Common Beech Fagus sylvatica 48.5 m Middachten, De Steeg (tree was felled in 2006) 
Still standing here: 43 m. 
47.3 m Amelisweerd, Utrecht 
(measured at fallen tree in 2003) 

43 m Hof te Dieren
42.6 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem
42.2 m Rhederoord, De Steegh
40.5 m Amelisweerd, Utrecht (JPh 2010)
45.65 m Sonian Forest, Belgium (climbing with direct tape drop, LG, JPh, JS, 26-03-2011) 
44.2 m Kirnitsch Valley, N.P. Sachsische Schweiz, Germany (KR 2010) 
43 m Heilige Hallen, Germany (JPh 2010)
54 m Romenia
49 m France, Foret de Lyons
49 m Germany
46 m Tsjech Rep.
3. Norway Spruce Picea abies 42 m, Het Loo, Apeldoorn (JPh 2011)
40.11 m Het Loo (LG 2011)
63 m Perucica, Bosnia
63 m Bulgaria
62.26 m Sgermova spruce, Ribnica Pohorje, Slovenia (climbing with direct tape drop, MS 2012)
59.2 m Sachsische Schweiz, Germany (KR 2010, laser)
59.0 m Biogradska Gora NP, Montenegro (JPh& MS 2012, laser)
57.4 m Perucica, Bosnia (KR, JPh 2012, laser)

57 m Austria (2004)
51.8 m Bialowieza NP, Poland (TN 2011)
 
4. Grand fir Abies grandis 42 m Putten, Arboretum Schovenhorst (JPh 2010)
42.0 m
Oranje Nassau Oord, Renkum (LG 2010)
40.5 m Bruggelen, Beekbergen (JPh 2010) 
64.27 m Scotland (climbed with tape drop, Tree Register of the British Isles) 
50.6 m (Arboretum Tervuren, Belgium (Marc Meyer 2011, laser)
81.4 m USA 
5. Common Oak Quercus robur 41.8 m  Hof te Dieren (JPh+LG, 2011)
40 m  Amelisweerd, Utrecht(JPh 2010)

37.8 m Angerenstein, Arnhem (JPh 2010)
37.8 m Het Loo (JPh 2011)
43.6 m  Bialowieza NP, Poland (TN 2011)
41.6 m Sonian Forest, Belgium (JPh 2011)
40.4 m Stourhead, Wiltshire, England (Tree Register 2012) 
6. Hybrid poplar Populus x canadensis 41.7 m Marienwaerdt, Beesd (JPh 2011)
41.0 m Wageningen, Nieuwe kanaal (LG 2010)
41.0 m Verwolde, Laren, Gld. (JPh2010)
40.7 m Voerendaal, Z.Limb.(JPh 2009) 
44 m  England (Tree register)
44 m Ireland (Aubrey Fennell, hypsometer)
 
7. Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum 41.5 m Spelderholt, Beekbergen (JPh 2011)
40.5 m Schovenhorst, Putten (JPh 2010)
40.2 m  Het Loo (JPh 2011) 
39.8 m Bruggelen, Beekbergen
39.5 m Rhederoord, Rheden
55.0 m Dornbin, Vorarlberg, Austria (RaL2012) 
54.6 m
Niederbronn-Les Bains, France (Marc Meyer)
54.5 m
Blair Castle, Scotland (Tree Register)
54 m Benmore, Scotland (Tree Register)
53 m
Hebden Wood, Sawley, Yorkshire, England (Rob Linley 2012, laser)
95.8 m California, USA (Sillett, BvP)
8. European larch Larix decidua 40 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (LG, 2011)
52.6 m Schlitz (Vogelsbergkreis), Germany (KR & KB 2012)
47.10 m Finland (KR 2012)
45 m Scotland (Tree Register)
9.Western red cedar Thuja plicata 39.8 m Park Het Oude Loo, Apeldoorn (LG 2011) 42 m Scotland  Ī 70 m, USA, Canada
10. Northern red oak Quercus rubra 39.6 m  Sonsbeek Park, Arnhem (JPh 2009) ? 47.64 m - Great Smokey Mountains NP, USA (Will Blozan, ENTS, 2011) 
11. Common Ash Fraxinus excelsior 39.5 m Oostbroek, De Bilt
38.6 m Avegoor, Ellecom
37.5 m Amelisweerd, Utrecht
48.0 m Kelheim, Germany (KR 2011) 
44.4 m Bialowieza, Poland (TN 2011)
12. Grey poplar Populus x canascens 39.1 m Savelsbos, Limburg 40 m Ireland; possible 50 m, Hungary  
13. London Plane Platanus x acerifolia 39 m Maastricht 
37 m Kasteel Laag Keppel 
48.56 m Bryanston, England (climbing, tape drop, Tree Register of the British Isles)
49.4 m (USA, Pl. occidentalis; ENTS)
14. Eastern White pine Pinus strobus 38 m Het Loo, Apeldoorn (JPh 2011)
34.8 m Beekhuizerweg, Velp (LG 2011)
  57.6 m - Great Smokey Mountains NP, USA (Will Blozan, ENTS, climbing, 2008) 
15. Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis 37.7 m Het Loo, Apeldoorn (LG, 2010) 59 m Scotland (DA, Tree Register, 2002).  96.9 m California, USA (BvP)
16. Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera 37.6 m Maastricht (JPh 2009)
37.5 m Angerenstein, Arnhem
37.4 m Kasteelpark Amstenrade, Schinnen (alle metingen JPh 2009)
38.8 m Kleve, Germany (JPh 2011) 58.5 m Great Smokey Mountains National Park, North Carolina, USA (Will Blozan, ENTS, 2011)
17. Lombardian poplar Populus nigra 'Italica' 37.3 m Heerlen (LG , Nikon Forestry 2010) 42 m Albas, Lot, France (JPh 2011)
39.4 m Mainau, Duitsland (KR 2011)
38.6 m BelgiŽ (LG 2011)
 
18. Nordmann (Caucasian) Fir Abies nordmanniana 37.2 m Paleistuin Soestdijk (LG 2009, Suunto clinometer)
34.2 m Wageningen (LG 2011)
68.6 m Caucasus (Alan Mitchell 1995), possible 78 m (e-mail Vladimir Dinets)
unverified reports up to 85 m. 
see Europe
19. Sycamore maple Acer pseudoplatanus 37 m Bronbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009)
35.2 m Marienwaerdt (JPh 2009)
40.6 m Biogradska Gora NP, Montenegro (KR & JPh 2012, laser) 
40 m Denmark, Jaegersborg Dyrehave
40 m (1985), Haddington, East Lothian,
Scotland.
39.0 m Perucica Reserve (KR 2012, laser)
see Europe
20. Common Lime Tilia x europea 36.8 m Kasteel Neuburg, Gulpen (LG 2011) 46 m Edenhall, Penrith, Cumbria, England 1995
43.2 m Rye Valley, Duncome Perk, North Yorkshire, England (RL, 2012)
21. Horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum 36.8 m Wulperhorst (JH, JPh 2011)
36 m Marienwaerdt (JPh 2009) 
38 m England
22. Black Poplar Populus nigra 36.5 m Vondelpark, Amsterdam (JPh 2010) 39 m Newbury, Hampshire, England
38.1 m Kromnůw, Poland (Piotr Gach 2011)
23. Silver maple Acer saccharinum 36.5 m Chaam, NBr. (LG 2009, Suunto)
31.8 m Hogeschool Larenstein, Velp (LG 2011)
24. Common Silver Fir Abies alba 35.5 m Het Loo, Apeldoorn (LG, 2010) 68 m Black Forest, Germany (Klein 1908, unsure)
65 m Perucica forest, Bosnia (Leibundgut, 1976,1982, unsure)
60.5 m  MionsŪ forest, Czech Republic 
57.35 m Switzerland - DŁrsrŁti firs
54.0 m Perucica Reserve, Bosnia-Hercegovina (JPh 2012, laser)
53.6 m Biogradska Gora NP (KR & JP 2012, laser)
 
25. Large leaved lime Tilia platyphyllos 35.2 m Kasteelpark Amstenrade, L. (JPh 2009)  41.6 m Liesbach, Frankrijk (AR, 2012, laser)
41.5 m Ierland (Tree Register)
39.2 m Biogradska Gora NP, Montenegro (JP 2012, laser)
38.6 m Hartenstein, Saksen, Duitsland (KR, Christopher Hase, aug. 2011)
 
26. Japanese larch Larix kaempferi 35.2 m Speulderbos (LG 2011)
27. American black walnut Juglans nigra 35.2 m MariŽnwaerdt, Beesd, Gld (JPh 2009)
28. Wych Elm Ulmus glabra 35 m Amelisweerd (JPh 2010) 44 m - Romania
42 (45?) m - Kloster GrŁnheim, Sachsen, Duitsland, till 2009
41 m
Engeland, till 1998
40.4 m Biogradska Gora NP (KR & JP 2012, laser)
39 m Bialowieza NP (TN; tree is dead in 2011)
38.4 m Bialowieza NP (TN 2011, laser)
 
29. Black pine Pinus nigra 34.8 m  Schovenhorst, Putten (J.Ph.,  2010) 47.4 m Crna Poda, Durmitor N.P., Montenegro (KR & JPh 2012)
43 m Ierland (TROI), Schotland (Tree Register)
30. Caucasian spruce Picea orientalis 34.8 m Park Kasteel Rozendaal (LG 2011)
31. White willow Salix alba 34.6 m Kasteellaan Haeren, Voerendaal (JPh 2009) 40 m, Germany
32. Sweet chestnut Castanea sativa 34.6 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009) 36.0 m Studley Roal Deer Park, Yorkshire, Engeland (Rob Linley, Tree Register 2012)
33. Bald cypres Taxodium distichum 34.6 m Sonsbeekpark, Arnhem (LG 2011) 36 m England, The Tree Register
35.0 m Oudergem, Belgium (LG 2011)
44 m (USA, ENTS)
34. Western hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla 34.5 m Landgoed Bruggelen (LG 2010) 45.6 m Tervuren, Belgium (MM 2011) 82.9 m (CaliforniŽ, USA, 2011)
35. Silver lime  Tilia tomentosa 34.4 m Stadspark, Maastricht (JPh 2009) 37.0 m Tervuren, Belgium (LG 2011)
36. Dutch elm  Ulmus x hollandica 'Belgica' 34.2 m Amsterdam (JPh 2010)
37. Turkish oak Quercus cerris 34.2 m Huize Empe, Gem. Voorst (JPh 2011) 38 m England, The Tree Register
36.2 m Knighthayes Court, Devon, England (JPh 2011)
 
38. Scots pine  Pinus sylvestris 33.6 m Twickel, Delden , Ov. (JPh 2009) 45.3 m Bialowieza Forest, Poland (Thomas Niechoda, 2011)
43.5 m Hauptsmoorwald bij Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany
40.97 m Brandenburg, Germany
39. Wheatley elm Ulmus minor 'Sarniensis' 33.6 m Frans Halsstraat Utrecht (LG 2009) 35 m England (Tree register)
40. Sessile oak Quercus petraea 33.5 m  Sonsbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009)
50 m  Foret de Bercť, France
45 m Romania 
44.6 m - Wipfelsfurt, Kelheim, Germany (KR 2011)
44 m  Spessart, Germany
 
41. Pin oak Quercus palustris 33.4 m Landgoed Biljoen, Velp, Gld (LG 2011)
42. Black alder Alnus glutinosa 33 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009) 39.2 m Bialowieza NP, Poland (TN 2011)
37.4 m Spreewald, Sachsen, Germany
35.8 m Chemnitz, Germany (KR 2010)
 
43. OriŽntal plane Platanus oriŽntalis 33 m MariŽnwaerdt, Beesd, Gld (JPh 2009) 40.6 m Trsteno, Dubrovnik, Croatia (KR & JPh 2012, laser)  (44 m before pruning, Aubrey Fennell, 2005, Hagar Hypsometer)
44. Dawn redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides 32.8 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (LG 2011)
45. Hungarian oak Quercus frainetto 32.6 m Sonsbeek, Arnhem (JPh 2009)
46. Black locust Robinia pseudoacacia 32.4 m De Ehze, Almen (JPh 2010)
47. Silver birch Betula pendula 32.4 m Rhederoord, Rheden, Gld (JPh 2011)  36.4 m Bialowieza NP, Poland  (TN 2011)
33.6 m
Duitsland (KR 2010)
48. Hornbeam  Carpinus betulus  32.2 m - landgoed Oostbroek, De Bilt (JH / JPh 2011) 34.2 m Bialowieza NP, Poland  (TN 2011)
33.0 m
Enghien, Belgium (JPh 2010)
49. White elm Ulmus laevis 32.2 m Chateau St Gerlach, Valkenburg (LG 2011)
50. Small leaved lime Tilia cordata 32 m Kasteel Amstenrade, L. (JPh 2009) 37.2 m Bialowieza NP, Poland (TN 2011)
37 m Engeland (Tree Register)
51. Noble fir Abies procera 32 m Arboretum Schovenhorst, Putten (JPh 2010) 40.0 m Stourhead, England (JPh 2011)
39.8 m
Arboretum Tervuren Belgium (MM 2011)
87.48 m or 89.92 m Washington State, VS (BvP)
52. Sweet Cherry Prunus avium 31.6 m Amelisweerd, Utrecht (JPh 2009)
53.Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens 31.5 m  Verwolde, Laren, Gld (JPh 2010) 52 m - Bussaco, near Luso, Portugal (Dean Nicole 2010, laser)
49 m
- Wales (Tree Register)
115.72 m California, USA (Sillett c.s. 2011)
54. Caucasian wingnut Pterocarya fraxinifolia 31.4 m Over-Holland, Utrecht (JPh 2011)
55. Japanese cypress / Sugi Cryptomeria japonica 30.8 m - Huize Empe, Voorst, Gld. (LG, JPh 2011)
56. Pagoda tree Styphnolobium japonicum 30.7 m - Kasteelpark Helmond (LG 2009)
57. Atlas Cedar Cedrus libani atlantica 30.4 m - Valkenburg L. (LG 2011) 42 m Marokko
38 m Engeland
36.0 m La Fertť Imbault, France (JPh, May 2011)  
58. California incense cedar Calocedrus decurrens 30.2 m - Schovenhorst, Putten (LG 2010)
59. Lawson's cypress Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 30.2 m - Het Loo, Apeldoorn (LG 2011)
60. Nootka cypress Cupressus nootkatensis 30.2 m - Rhederoord, De Steegh (LG 2011)
61. Norway maple Acer platanoÔdes 30.2 m - Hofstetterlaan, Ellecom (JPh 2009)  37.2 m Bialowieza NP (Tomasz Niechoda 2011)
62. Downy birch Betula pubescens 29.6 Huize Empe, Voorst, G. 
(LG 2011)
63. Black Cottonwood Populus trichocarpa 34.0 m - Wichmond, gem. Bronckhorst (JPh 2011)
64. Chestnut-leaved oak Quercus castaneifolia 29.1 m - Arboretum Poort Bulten, De Lutte (LG 2010) 34.6 m Arboretum Groenendaal, Hoeilaart, Belgium (LG 2011)
33 m Kew Gardens, Engeland
65. Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima 28.8 m - Wilhelminapark, Utrecht (NK 2010)
66. Honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos 28.0 m - Waldeckpark, Maastricht (LG 2011)
67. Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba 27.3 m Stadspark Maastricht (LG 2011)
68. American sweetgum Liquidambar stiraciflua 27.0 m - Kalheupinkpark, Oldenzaal (JPh 2010) 
69. Field maple  Acer campestre 27.0 m - De NiŽnhof - Bunnik (JH / JPh 2010) 28.0 m Arboretum Groenendaal, Hoeilaart, Belgium (LG 2011) 
70. Cedar of Lebanon Cedrus libani 26.2 m - Kasteeltuin Twickel, Delden (JPh 2010) 37 m Engeland (Tree Register) 
71. Yellow buckeye Aesculus flava  25.8 m - Singelplantsoen Utrecht (LG 2010) 53 m - USA
72. Kentucky Coffe tree Gymnocladus dioicus 25.2 m - Stadspark Maastricht (JPh 2009)
73. Red horsechestnut Aesculus carnea 24.9 m - Hoogelandsepark, Utrecht (LG 2009)
74. Turkish hazel Corylus colurna 23.5 m - Cultuurtuin Delft (LG 2009)
75. Monky-puzzle Araucaria auracana 23.0 m - Rhederoord (JPh 2009)
76. Yew Taxus baccata 22.0 m - Huis te Warmond, Warmond (LG 2009)
77. Dove tree Davidia involucrata 22.0 m - kasteel Amstenrade, Schinnen, L. (LG 2009)
78. Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides 21.8 m - Nieuwe Plantsoen, Ceintuurbaan, Deventer (LG 2009)
79. Katsura (Japanese Judas - tree) Cercidiphyllum japonicum 20.5 m - kasteel Sypestein, Nieuw Loosdrecht (LG 2009)
80. Common (Persian) Walnut Juglans regia 20.4 m - Voorsterklei bij Zutphen (JPh 2010)
European aspen Populus tremula ? 41.4 m - Bialowieza NP, Poland (TN 2011)
42.0 m - Bialowieza NP, Poland (dead standing tree, TN 2011) 
Gum tree Eucalyptus diversicolor 
and globulus
 ----- 72 m Portugal (diversic., Dean Nicole, laser)
68 m Spain (globulus, Dean Nicole, laser)
99.6 m Australia / Tasmania
In 19e century over 120 m

The tallest trees on Earth.

The tallest trees on earth are Coast Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) from California, USA.  
The tallest individual tree was discovered at August 26, 2006, in Redwood National Park: its height since is measured each year by climbing by Steve Sillett c.s. It now has the incredible hight of 115.72 m (379.65 feet, sept. 2012) and  is called Hyperion

In July 2006 there were already found two record breaking Redwoods of 114.58 and 113.14 meter.
See:
http://www.nativetreesociety.org/bigtree/new_worlds_tallest.htm and http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/archive/2006/09/07/TREE.TMP

From 2000 - 2006, the tallest known Redwood was the Stratosphere Giant; it is now 113.30 m (371.72 feet). It is still growing, it was 112.34 m in aug.2000 and 112.56 m in 2002. Measured with laser and climbing by Steve Sillet. It was discovered by Chris Atkins in 2000 in Rockefeller Forest of the Humboldt Redwoods State Park. There are eleven living known trees above 112 m (367.45 feet),  fourty-one  exceeding 110 m (361 feet) and more than 218 above 105 m (344.5 feet).  See: http://landmarktrees.net/redwoods.html .

In the past one other Redwood was reported to be over 115 m (377.3 feet). In the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twenteeth century Douglas Fir as well as Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) of Australia have been reported to be over 120 m. The tallest Douglas Fir, the Doerner Fir,  is now 99.76 m (327.3 feet).

Tallest broadleaf tree is the Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans). The tallest individual tree, growing in Tasmania, Australia, is 99.6 m (326.8 feet)

In tropical rainforests few trees exceed 60 m. In the Amazone forest in South America apparantly there are no trees above 60 m, in the African Rainfoirest a handful of species (Robert van Pelt, All Carder). In Indonesia and Malaysia there are several species wich grow taller. 

Tallest of all tropical trees is the Tualang or Bee-tree, Koompassia excelsa, wich often surpasses 76 m (250 feet). Tallest (measured in Sabah, Malaysia / North Borneo) was 85.76 m (281 feet, Roman Dial c.s., 2007). 

Also of the well-known family of Dipterocarpaceae several species growing in this region reach 60 to 85 m. One Shorea faguetiana recently was measured by Roman Dial c.s. of  88.33 m (290 feet), the tallest of all tropical trees. 




Douglas Fir of  73.8 m, Vancouver Island, Canada

Tallest trees of the world (information a.o. Van Pelt, literature 21 en Giant Trees of TasmaniŽ)

  English name Scientific name Tallest known living  Tallest in the past Location
1 Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens 1.  115.72 (Steve Sillett 2012; "Hyperion", found in Aug. 2006 by Chris Atkins & 
Michael Taylor)
2.  114.68 m  (Atkins, Taylor,
Sillet, Van Pelt, 7 juli 2006,
"Helios")
3. 113.30 m  (Steve Sillet, 2011, "Stratosphere giant")  4. 113.14 m  (Atkins, Taylor,
Sillet, Van Pelt, 2011,
"Icarus" Dead spire top, once taller)   
115.9 m (Eureka Tree, 1914) Redwood National Park, California, USA
2 Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii 99.76 ("Doerner Fir", also called "Brummit Fir")
Living branches 96.9 m
Rond 1900: 126.5 m Brummit Creek, Coose County,  Oregon, USA
3 Eucalyptus: Mountain Ash Eucalyptus regnans 99.6 m (Brett Mifsud) 112.8 m (140+ m?) eind 19e eeuw Arve Valley, Tasmania, Australia
4 Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis 96.9 m   Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, United States
5 Giant Sequoia Sequoiadendron giganteum 95.8 m (Steve Sillet cs, 2012)   Redwood Mountain Grove, Kings Canyon National Park,California,USA
6 Eucalyptus: Blue Gum Eucalyptus globulus 90.75 m (Brett Mifsud 2005 )   Near Lonnavale, Tasmania, Australia
7 Eucalyptus: Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis 88.9 m (Brett Mifsud)   Near Fingal, Tasmania, Australia
8 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea faguetiana 88.32 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Gergassi Ridge, Sabah, Malaysia
9 Eucalyptus: Alpine Ash Eucalyptus delegatensis 87.9 m (Brett Mifsud)   near Wayatinah, Tasmania, Australia
10 Noble fir Abies procera 87.48 m 89.9 m  Washington, USA
11 Tualang (also called Tapang and Menggaris) KoŲmpassia excelsa
(Caesalpiniaceae)
85.76 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Mengaris Knob, Sabah, Malaysia
12 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea argentifolia 84.84 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Gaharu Ridge, Sabah, Malaysia
13 Eucalyptus Eucalyptus obliqua 84.7 m (Brett Mifsud)   Wild Rivers Nat. Park, Tasmania, Australia
14 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea superba  84.40 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Gergassi Ridge, Sabah, Malaysia
15 Eucalyptus: Shining Gum Eucalyptus nitens 84.3 m (Brett Mifsud)   Victoria, Australia
16 Western Hemlock Tsuga heterophylla 82.9 m (M.Vaden, St.Sillett, 2011)   California,USA
17 Dipterocarpus spec Hopeia nutans 82.82 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Gaharu Ridge, Sabah, Malaysia
18 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea johorensis 82.39 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Coco Park Boundary, Sabah, Malaysia
19 Eucalyptus Eucalyptus saligna 82.3 m (planted)
81.5 or 79 m (Izak van der Merwe)
  Hawai, USA (Pacific)
South Africa
20 Dipterocarpus soort Shorea smithiana 82.27 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, Coco Park Boundary, Sabah, MaleisiŽ
21 Sugar Pine Pinus lambertiana 82.17 m (R. van Pelt; tree died in 2010)
79.5 m (Michael Taylor, sept. 2012)
  Yosimite N.P. California, USA
22 Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa 81.77 m (Michael Taylor, Mario Vaden 2011)    California, USA
23 Grand Fir Abies grandis 81.4 m  91 m CaliforniŽ,USA
24 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea gibbosa  81.11 m (Roman Dial 2007)   Tawau Hills Park, River Flats, Sabah, Malaysia
25 Lawson Cypress (Port Orford cedar) Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 81.08 m (Michael Taylor, Mario Vaden 2011)    Oregon, USA
26 Eucalyptus: Karri Eucalyptus diversicolor 80.5 (Brett Mifsud, laser)
72.0 m (planted, Dean Nicole 2010)
  Near Manjimup, West Australia
Near CoÔmbra, Portugal
27 Eucalyptus Eucalyptus nobilis 79.2 m    Styx River State Forest, near Armidale, New South Wales
28 Eucalyptus Eucalyptus deglupta 78 m (Al Carder 2005)   Malaysia
29 California red fir Abies magnifica 76.8 m (R. van Pelt 1998)   California, USA
30 Dipterocarpus spec Dryobalanops aromatica  76.2 m (Al Carder 2005)   Malaysia
31   Dyera costulata (Apocynacea) 76.2 m (Al Carder 2005)   Malaysia
32 Californische zilverspar Abies lowiana 75.5 m (Will Blozan 2011) CaliforniŽ, VS
33 Dipterocarpus spec Parashorea malaanonan  72.8 m    Danum Valley Sabah, Malaysia
34 Pacific silver fir Abies amabilis 71.9 m (R. van Pelt 2000)   Washington, USA
35 Eucalyptus  Eucalyptus deanei 71 m (Dean Nicole 2010)   Woodford, Blue Mountains NP, Australia
36 Western white pine Pinus monticola 70.7 m (R. van Pelt 2000)   Idaho, USA
37 Nordmann Fir Abies nordmanniana 68.6 m (unsure reports of 78 or even 85 m)   Caucasus Nat. Reserve, Russia
38 Dipterocarpus spec Shorea leprosula  66.0 m   Danum Valley Sabah, Malaysia
39 Dipterocarpus spec Cotylelobium melanoxylon 64 m   Brunei, Borneo

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